These teaching render thinking-sense, meditation towards the matchmaking appearances, identity away from latest developmental opportunities, and you may paths so you can personal increases

). Examining facilitative agencies that enable ego development to take place. When you look at the An effective. H. Pfaffenberger, P. W. Marko Stomach (Eds.), The fresh new postconventional personality: Examining, comparing, and you may theorizing highest advancement (pp. 87–100). Nyc: Condition University of brand new York Force.

McCrae, Roentgen. Roentgen., Costa, P. T. (1980). Visibility playing and you can pride height into the Loevinger’s phrase conclusion try: Dispositional efforts from inside the developmental different types of identity. Diary from Personality and you may Societal Mindset, 39, 1179–1190.

Mehling, W. Age., Wrubel, J., Daubenmier, J. J., Rates, C. J., Kerr, C. Elizabeth., Silow, T., Gopisetty, V., Stewart, A beneficial. L. (2011). Human anatomy Good sense: An excellent phenomenological inquiry to the preferred ground of head-human anatomy treatments. Viewpoints, Ethics, and you may Humanities when you look at the Treatments, 6(1), 6.

Mennin, D. S., Fresco, D. Meters. (2009). Feeling controls since the a keen integrative design for expertise and you may treating psychopathology. Emotion control and psychopathology: A transdiagnostic method of etiology and you may treatment, pp. 356–379.

Noam, Grams. Grams., Young, C. H., Jilnina, J. (2006). Public knowledge, mental episodes, and you will psychological state: The latest model, proof, and you can sum of ego development. Inside D. Cicchetti D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology, 1: Idea and strategy (next ed.), pp. 750–794). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Novy, D. M., Frances, D. J. (1992). Psychometric qualities of the Washington University Sentence Completion Take to. Educational and you will Emotional Dimensions, 52(4), 1029–1040.

Ormond, C. H. (2007). The effects out of psychological cleverness and you will people possibilities regarding a recently shaped business group understanding this new Enneagram. Dissertation Abstracts Internationally: Part B: The latest Sciences and you can Engineering, 68, 2699.

Pfaffenberger, Good. H. (2011). Evaluating postconventional identity: How good and you can legitimate ‘s the Phrase Completion Shot? For the A good. H. Pfaffenberger, P. W. Marko Abdominal muscles (Eds.), New postconventional personality: Evaluating, contrasting, and theorizing (pp. 9–22). Nyc: State College or university of brand new York Force.

Pfaffenberger, A. H., ). Introduction: Exceptional maturity off identity: An appearing career. During the A beneficial. H. Pfaffenberger, P. W. Marko Stomach (Eds.), The fresh postconventional character: Determining, contrasting, and you may theorizing (pp. 1–8). Ny: County School of brand new York Press.

Rasta, Yards., Hosseinian, S., Ahghar, Grams. (2012). A study into functionality out of 9-variety of personality training (Enneagram) on the mental health (stress and self-esteem) regarding school women. Record away from Basic and you will Used Scientific Browse, 2(11), 11845–11849.

Redmore, C., Waldman, K. (1975). Reliability off a sentence conclusion measure of ego advancement. Diary from Personality Review, 39, 236–242.

Redmore, C. D. (1983). Ego development in the institution years: Two longitudinal degree. Log off Young people and Adolescence, 12(4), 301–306.

Riso, D. R., Hudson, R. (2005). Reading your own personality variety of: The essential addition on Enneagram. Ny: Houghton Mifflin Company.


Siegel, D. J. (2004). Connection and self-understanding: Child-rearing with the notice in mind. Diary out-of Prenatal Perinatal Mindset Health, 18(4), 273–285.

Siegel, D. J. (2007). This new mindful brain: Meditation and you may attunement about cultivation out of better-are. Ny: W.W. Norton Company.

Sutton, A. (2012). But is it actual? A look at the research to the Enneagram. Brand new Enneagram Diary, 5, 5–19.

Sutton, A great., Allinson, C., Williams, H. (2013). Character sort of and you can works-associated effects: A keen exploratory application of the latest Enneagram model. Eu Government Record, 31(3), 234–249.

Tolk, L. S. (2006). Integrating the fresh Enneagram and you will outline cures: Using spirit on psychotherapy (Doctoral dissertation). Provided by ProQuest Dissertations and you may Theses database. (UMI No. 3207942).

Wagner, J. (1983). Reliability and you can authenticity study of an excellent Sufi identity typology: The brand new Enneagram. Journal off Scientific Mindset, 39, 712–717.

The brand new abstract soundness of the Loevinger developmental idea could have been served by the strict research (Cohn and you will Westenberg 2004; Manners and you can Durkin 2001). Toward reason for search and you will testing, Loevinger create an effective projective research software having calculating this type of amount: the Arizona University Phrase Achievement Take to (WUSCT). The brand new Loevinger model and assessment product are very a standard to own pride innovation look, also to time they’ve been the basis to own hundreds of evaluation off adult pride creativity (Pfaffenberger and ).

The majority of look into Enneagram enjoys worried about verification of the build legitimacy of your products and you can predictive ability out-of evaluation tool (Dull 2010; Sutton 2012). Studies have presented that there surely is empirical legitimacy to the system and you may predictive element regarding tool (Daniels and Price 2009; Wagner 1983). Confident correlations to other identity balances were showed, such as the Occupational Identification Survey (OPQ), the big Five attributes (Bartram and you will Brownish 2005), and you will next projective screening (Sutton 2012). In keeping with Enneagram principle, research has shown one to an individual’s specific Enneagram method of remains steady through the years, having the average balance out of 85% making use of the Mil Illinois Worry about-Statement List Scales and you may Myers–Briggs Method of Indicator (Wagner 1983).


Reflection practise remind individual inquiry using worksheets, quick organizations, and you will dyad exercises. The latest fourth understanding modality, experiential exploration, includes: (a) guided visualizations; (b) aware awareness techniques; and (c) bodywork and way. These experiential explorations provide enhanced focus on mental and you will intellectual preoccupations of 9 sizes as well as their involved physical feelings.

In addition, an ANOVA of post-training scores by training site was conducted to examine whether the mean ego development scores differed between the sites after the Enneagram training. The ANOVA revealed an overall between-group difference of mean ego development score by training site post-training, F(7, 8) = 2.60, p < .05. Post hoc LSD tests revealed that at the p < .05 level, one introductory course in Palo Alto had significantly lower post-training scores than each of the Enneagram Intensive training sites, with the exception of Vallombrosa () (Table 4). In addition, the Intensive training site Asheville (2005) revealed a significantly higher post-training score than the Vallombrosa () Intensive training site.

We think the committee variety of the fresh Story Lifestyle get significantly sign up to fellow member progress. Because this data didn’t evaluate these aftereffects of the education sense, future lookup will be replicate this study and you can test with the capability regarding variety of panels inside moving forward ego advancement.

Every Enneagram classes inside investigation was in fact t educators throughout the Narrative Heritage; yet not, the brand new Enneagram Intensive training teams was basically all of the t Story Culture, than the Palo Alto way that was maybe not trained from the core faculty. It is recommended that future education handle on the differences in Enneagram teachers. Particularly, outlined article-studies new member ratings of your educators therefore the trainings can get produce more information exactly how this type of variables affected the outcome away from ego creativity all over studies teams. Finally, the main cause of the reduced posttest get to your Enneagram Rigorous degree Vallombrosa classification try unfamiliar. Pointers made in this area could possibly get produce far more consistent show one to were not managed to have within this research.

Cohn, L. D. (1998). Age trend into the character creativity: A quantitative review. In Meters. P. Westenberg A beneficial. Blasi, ent: Theoretic, empirical, and you will medical evaluation out-of Loevinger’s conception of ego invention (pp. 133–143). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Couples Publishers.

Ways, J., Durkin, K. (2001). A critical report on the fresh new authenticity out of ego creativity concept and you can its aspect. Log regarding Identification Research, 77, 541–567.